Location data must be as precise as possible: Note that the Literature Cited section includes only those references that were actually mentioned cited in the paper.
A helpful strategy in this section is to go from the general, theoretical framework to your specific question. An abstract, or summary, is published together with a research article, giving the reader a "preview" of what's to come. Such abstracts may also be published separately in bibliographical sources, such as Biologic al Abstracts.
Be sure to include the hypotheses you tested, controls, treatments, variables measured, how many replicates you had, what you actually measured, what form the data take, etc. Do not repeat extensively in the text the data you have presented in tables and figures. Spatial variation in seed predation may contribute to spatial variation in plant frequency by reducing seed supply sufficiently to limit seedling emergence more at one location than another LoudaAnderson All manipulations were carried out under dim green light 3mW m When sagebrush, Artemesia tridentata, a plant shown to possess methyl jasmonate in leaf surface structures, is incubated in chambers with tomato plants, proteinase inhibitor accumulation is induced in the tomato leaves, demonstrating that interplant communication can occur from leaves of one species of plant to leaves of another species to activate the expression of defensive genes.
Here is some additional advice on particular problems common to new scientific writers. No interpretation of the data or conclusions about what the data might mean are given in this section. The erythrocytes that are in the blood contain hemoglobin.
When you introduce the name of another species in the same genus, you can use the abbreviated genus name for the new species: The insecticide BTK is produced by Bacillus thuringiensis var.
Three-dimensional reconstruction from serial sections. In the past you would capitalize the species designation if it was derived from a proper name, e. A useful strategy in discussing your experiment is to relate your specific results back to the broad theoretical context presented in the Introduction.
If you present your data in a table or graph, include a title describing what's in the table "Enzyme activity at various temperatures", not "My results".
They allow other scientists to quickly scan the large scientific literature, and decide which articles they want to read in depth. The species author and the sp. Scarlet thought that the gene was present only in yeast, but it has since been identified in the platypus Indigo and Mauve, and wombat Magenta, et al.
The data rather indicate that phototropism is caused by the light-induced, local accumulation of growth inhibitors against a background of even auxin distribution, the diffusion of auxin being unaffected.
Since your Introduction went from the general to a specific question, going from the specific back to the general will help to tie your ideas and arguments together. Tables or figures, references to tables or figures, or references to literature cited usually are not included in this section. Capitalize only the genus name.
Rules to follow when constructing and presenting figures and tables are presented in a later section of this guide. In rare cases, the scientific name for genus and the common name for an organism are the same. Example: hydra, Hydra When one of these identical-common-name-genus-name cases is intended to apply to a particular genus, it should be capitalized and italicized.
Scientific research articles provide a method for scientists to communicate with other scientists about the results of their research. A standard format is used for these articles, in which the author presents the research in an orderly, logical manner.
Sep 11, · Put the species name in italics, but do not capitalize the name. When using any classification, whether species, genus, or one further up the classification system, always put it in italics in you papers.
For example, if you were referring to the species name of humans in your paper, you would write sapiens.
Do not capitalize the species name%(3). a guide to writing scientific papers Scientific experiments are demanding, exciting endeavors, but, to have an impact, results must be communicated to others.
A research paper is a method of communication, an attempt to tell others about some specific data that you have gathered and what you think those data mean in the context of your research. Editing Tip: Scientific Names of Species To help you understand the correct use of scientific species names, here are a few key terms and conventions that may appear in.
Science writing and editing: How to write scientific names The Latin scientific name of a species, be it plant, animal, bacterium, fungus, etc., is a two-part name consisting of the genus name first (by the way: one genus, two genera) and the species name second.Writing scientific names in papers